Stephen KingStephen Edwin King (born September 21, 1947) is an American author of horror, supernatural fiction, suspense, crime, science-fiction, and fantasy novels. Called the "King of Horror", his books have sold more than 350 million copies , and many have been adapted into films, television series, miniseries, and comic books. He has also written approximately 200 short stories, most of which have been published in book collections. His debut, ''Carrie'', was published in 1974, and was followed by '''Salem's Lot'', ''The Shining'', ''The Stand'' and ''The Dead Zone''. ''Different Seasons'', a collection of four novellas, was his first major departure from the horror genre. The novellas provided the basis for the films ''Stand by Me'' and ''The Shawshank Redemption''. King has published under the pseudonym Richard Bachman and has cowritten works with other authors, notably his friend Peter Straub and sons Joe Hill and Owen King.
Several of King's works have won the Bram Stoker and August Derleth Awards. He has also won awards for his overall contribution to literature, including the 2003 Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters, the 2007 Grand Master Award from the Mystery Writers of America and the 2014 National Medal of Arts. Joyce Carol Oates called King "a brilliantly rooted, psychologically 'realistic' writer, for whom the American scene has been a continuous source of inspiration, and American popular culture a vast cornucopia of possibilities." Provided by Wikipedia