Humphrey Bogart

Humphrey DeForest Bogart ( ; December 25, 1899 – January 14, 1957), colloquially nicknamed Bogie, was an American actor. His performances in classic Hollywood cinema films made him an American cultural icon. In 1999, the American Film Institute selected Bogart as the greatest male star of classic American cinema.

Bogart began acting in Broadway shows. Debuting in film in ''The Dancing Town'' (1928), he appeared in supporting roles for more than a decade, regularly portraying gangsters. He was praised for his work as Duke Mantee in ''The Petrified Forest'' (1936). Bogart also received positive reviews for his performance as gangster Hugh "Baby Face" Martin, in ''Dead End'' (1937), directed by William Wyler.

His breakthrough came in ''High Sierra'' (1941), and he catapulted to stardom as the lead in John Huston's ''The Maltese Falcon'' (1941), considered one of the first great ''noir'' films. Bogart's private detectives, Sam Spade (in ''The Maltese Falcon'') and Philip Marlowe (in 1946's ''The Big Sleep''), became the models for detectives in other ''noir'' films. In 1947, he played a war hero in another "noir" film, ''Dead Reckoning'', tangled in a dangerous web of brutality and violence as he investigates his friend's murder, co-starring Lizabeth Scott. His first romantic lead role was a memorable one, as Rick Blaine, paired with Ingrid Bergman in ''Casablanca'' (1942), which earned him his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. Blaine was ranked as the fourth greatest hero of American cinema by the American Film Institute and his and Ingrid Bergman's character's relationship the greatest love story in American cinema, also by the American Film Institute. Raymond Chandler, in a 1946 letter, wrote that "Like Edward G. Robinson when he was younger, all he has to do to dominate a scene is to enter it."

Forty-four-year-old Bogart and nineteen-year-old Lauren Bacall fell in love during the filming of ''To Have and Have Not'' (1944). In 1945, a few months after principal photography for ''The Big Sleep'', their second film together, he divorced his third wife and married Bacall. After their marriage, they played each other's love interest in the mystery thrillers ''Dark Passage'' (1947) and ''Key Largo'' (1948). Regarding her husband's enduring popularity, Bacall later said, "There was something that made him able to be a man of his own and it showed through his work. There was also a purity, which is amazing considering the parts he played. Something solid too. I think as time goes by we all believe less and less. Here was someone who believed in something."

Bogart's performances in Huston's ''The Treasure of the Sierra Madre'' (1948) and ''In a Lonely Place'' (1950) are now considered among his best, although they were not recognized as such when the films were released. He reprised those unsettled, unstable characters as a World War II naval-vessel commander in ''The Caine Mutiny'' (1954), which was a critical and commercial hit and earned him another Best Actor nomination. He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for his portrayal of a cantankerous river steam launch skipper opposite Katharine Hepburn's missionary in the World War I African adventure ''The African Queen'' (1951), another collaboration with Huston. Other significant roles in his later years included ''The Barefoot Contessa'' (1954) with Ava Gardner and his on-screen competition with William Holden for Audrey Hepburn in ''Sabrina'' (1954). A heavy smoker and drinker, Bogart died from esophageal cancer in January 1957. Four films Bogart starred in, ''Casablanca'', ''The Maltese Falcon'', ''The Treasure of the Sierra Madre'', and ''The African Queen'', made the American Film Institute's 1998 list of the greatest American movies of all time, with ''Casablanca'' ranked second. All four films appeared on their updated 2007 list, with ''Casablanca'' ranked third. Provided by Wikipedia
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Published 2010
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Published 2006
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Published 2000
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Published 2003
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by Mannino, Franco, 1924-2005,
Published 2003
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by Waxman, Franz, 1906-1967,
Published 2003
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Published 2012
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by Steiner, Max, 1888-1971,
Published 2000
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Published 2003
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Published 1999
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by Deutsch, Adolph, 1897-1980,
Published 2021
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by Hollaender, Friedrich,
Published 2001
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Published 2010
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Published 2016
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